The Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale: Validation Evidence and Behavioral Prediction

WCER Working Paper No. 2006-7

Herbert G. Heneman III, Steven Kimball, and Anthony Milanowski

October 2006, 21 pp.

ABSTRACT: This study explores the construct validity of the Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES) developed by Tschannen-Moran and Hoy (2001). The psychometric properties of the TSES reported by Tschannen-Moran and Hoy are replicated. Structural equation modeling tested the relationships between TSES scores, teacher performance ratings, and student achievement, controlling for school characteristics and teacher experience. As expected, there was a significant direct effect of TSES on teacher performance, but not on student achievement. Other findings and implications for future research are also indicated.

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keywords: Teacher Efficacy; Teacher Performance; Survey Scale; Measurement Properties